About two-thirds of Delaware’s population lives in New Castle county. On average, there are 202 sunny days per … Most cash income from farming comes from poultry raising, centred in Sussex county. Check Delaware weather forecasts, climate info, and more travel information from Visit Delaware - the official online vacation resource of the State of Delaware. The only real engagement on Delaware soil was the Battle of Cooch's Bridge, fought on September 3, 1777, at Cooch's Bridge in New Castle County, although there was a minor Loyalist rebellion in 1778. The Delaware Colony's mild climate made farming and agricultural pursuits feasible for the colonists. There is also a small population of Asians among New Castle county’s scientific and engineering professionals. So it was that New Castle lawyer Thomas McKean denounced the Stamp Act in the strongest terms, and Kent County native John Dickinson became the "Penman of the Revolution." The definition of the northern boundary of the state is unusual. The person best representing Delaware's majority, George Read, could not bring himself to vote for a Declaration of Independence. The first European settlers in the area were Swedes, who were Lutheran Protestants, and the Dutch, who practiced Protestant Calvinism. In the late 20th century a small Puerto Rican community took shape in Wilmington, and Guatemalans began migrating to Sussex county to work in the poultry industry. In a similar vein to Maryland, Delaware's geography, culture, and history combine elements of the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, and Southern regions of the country. This grew by 41.65% from a decade earlier. The soil provided them crops, and earning them the … The state is divided into three counties, having the lowest number of any state; from north to south, they are New Castle County, Kent County, and Sussex County. Delaware was at first an all white colony, however in years that came, delaware took on slaves, but in a small number. In some areas, Delaware is 100 miles long and 30 miles wide. Delaware is centrally situated in the Northeast megalopolis region of cities along I-95. , All teachers in the State's public school districts are unionized. An independent black denomination was chartered in 1813 by freed slave Peter Spencer as the "Union Church of Africans". You won't ever have to worry about going hungry here. Two Class I railroads, Norfolk Southern and CSX, provide freight rail service in northern New Castle County. Delaware`s southern region is made up of more than 30,000 swampy acres.  The center of population of Delaware is in New Castle County, in the town of Townsend. In 1638 New Sweden, a Swedish trading post and colony, was established at Fort Christina (now in Wilmington) by Peter Minuit at the head of a group of Swedes, Finns and Dutch. Delaware is on a level plain, with the lowest mean elevation of any state in the nation. While most Delaware citizens who fought in the war served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the Confederate side in Maryland and Virginia Regiments. "The First to Ratify" would be more accurate, as the beginnings of the states themselves date back to the Declaration of Independence, celebrated July 4, 1776, when what was to become the State of Delaware was still the three lower counties of Pennsylvania with the governor in Philadelphia, and not establishing independence from that body until, Maryland and Delaware identify as Northeast, Pennsylvania Railroad local division timetable, 1965, All named trains were gone by the end of 1957, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United States Declaration of Independence, Constitutional Convention (United States), List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, African Union First Colored Methodist Protestant Church and Connection, American Public Transportation Association, Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Freedom of information in the United States § State legislation, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, New Castle Court House, Green, and Sheriff's House, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Delaware's new tourism brand: Endless Discoveries", "Enigma, Georgia: Mystery of the South's Circular Towns", "Extreme and Mean Elevations by State and Other Area", "A Summary of the Geologic History of Delaware", "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth", 10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2, "The Growth of Delaware's Antebellum Free African Community", "Kent County defies slower, lower nickname", "Home : Geographic Information : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics", "Regional Climate Centers – National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)", "Northeast Regional Office – National Historic Landmarks Program", Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States, "Population and Population Centers by State", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "Demographic, Social and Economic Profile for Delaware", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "In 'very religious' USA, Gallup sees Delaware residents as 'moderately' so—by 1 percent", "LGBT Percentage Highest in D.C., Lowest in North Dakota", "BREAKING: Delaware To Become 11th State With Marriage Equality", "Delaware housing: Home prices slide in all three counties; sales in NCCo, Kent down from year ago", "National Vulcanized Fibre Corp. site in Yorklyn", "AstraZeneca lays off workers at Delaware headquarters", "Delaware officials concerned about AstraZeneca, DuPont threats", "DuPont to cut 1,700 jobs in Delaware in January", "DuPont merger called 'catastrophic' for Delaware", "DuPont merger: A 'sad day' for Delaware", "DuPont-Dow merger 'catastrophic' for Delaware", "Chemours will lay off 400, including some in Delaware", "Delaware 2007 Fiscal Notebook—State General Fund Revenues by Category (F.Y. In addition, the Delaware General Corporation Law, which forms the basis of the Courts' opinions, is widely regarded as giving great flexibility to corporations to manage their affairs. Church. Rehoboth Beach, together with the towns of Lewes, Dewey Beach, Bethany Beach, South Bethany, and Fenwick Island, comprise Delaware's beach resorts.  This was a successor to the Del-Mar-Va Express and Cavalier, which had run from Philadelphia through the state's interior, to the end of the Delmarva Peninsula until the mid-1950s. The Delaware Constitution establishes a number of courts: Minor non-constitutional courts include the Justice of the Peace Courts and Aldermen's Courts.  The Kuskarawocks were most likely the Tuscarora.  Neither bill was passed in the legislature. Most functions which are handled on a county-by-county basis in other states—such as court and law enforcement—have been centralized in Delaware, leading to a significant concentration of power in the Delaware state government. After the war the poultry industry continued to grow in size and efficiency. Some of the more notable festivals are the Riverfest held in Seaford, the World Championship Punkin Chunkin formerly held at various locations throughout the state since 1986, the Rehoboth Beach Chocolate Festival, the Bethany Beach Jazz Funeral to mark the end of summer, the Apple Scrapple Festival held in Bridgeville, the Clifford Brown Jazz Festival in Wilmington, the Rehoboth Beach Jazz Festival, the Sea Witch Halloween Festival and Parade in Rehoboth Beach, the Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival, the Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow in Oak Orchard, Firefly Music Festival, and the Return Day Parade held after every election in Georgetown. Legislation had been proposed in both the House and the Senate in Delaware to designate English as the official language. Major rivers include the Delaware, Mispillion and Nanticoke Rivers. Neighboring colonies such as Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey surround Delaware. Delaware is mostly vast coastal plain inland. However, by 1704 the Province of Pennsylvania had grown so large their representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the Lower Counties, and the two groups of representatives began meeting on their own, one at Philadelphia, and the other at New Castle. Most of Delaware's soil is very fertile yet somewhat sandy. The state has warmed two degrees (F) in the last century, heavy rainstorms are more frequent, and the sea is rising about one inch every seven years. tax", "Auto tag No.  As of January 2012[update], none of the State's charter schools are members of a teachers union. For these reasons, Delaware is considered to have the most business-friendly legal system in the United States; therefore a great number of companies are incorporated in Delaware, including 60% of the companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Delaware's agricultural output consists of poultry, nursery stock, soybeans, dairy products and corn. Significantly, Belton was the only case in which the state court found for the plaintiffs, thereby ruling that segregation is unconstitutional. Delaware's official state sport is bicycling.. The present governor is John Carney (Democrat), who took office January 17, 2017. Delaware's single U.S. Representative is Lisa Blunt Rochester (Democrat). Note: Births in table do not add up because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Dependent in early years on indentured labor, Delaware imported more slaves as the number of English immigrants decreased with better economic conditions in England. Geography: The geography of colonial Delaware was mostly flat low land.The fertile soil helped the economy thrive. The all-time record low of −17 °F (−27 °C) was also recorded at Millsboro, on January 17, 1893. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The toponyms Gara, Gare, Gaire (the sound [ä] often mutated in [æ]) also appear in old texts cited by Lucien Musset, where the word ga(i)ra means gore. , Delaware's history as a border state has led it to exhibit characteristics of both the Northern and the Southern regions of the United States. No standalone television stations are based solely in Delaware. The economies of these colonies were chiefly based on labor-intensive tobacco and increasingly dependent on African slaves because of a decline in working class immigrants from England. In 1814, Spencer called for the first annual gathering, known as the Big August Quarterly, which continues to draw members of this denomination and their descendants together in a religious and cultural festival. The state lies in the humid subtropical climate zone. Beaches and marshes are a winter refuge for many wildfowl, as well as a stop on the migratory paths of such birds as sandpipers. The climate in our colony is mild with warm summers and mild winters that are suited for farming and agriculture.  Although "USA (Delaware)" ranked as the world's most opaque jurisdiction on the Tax Justice Network's 2009 Financial Secrecy Index, the same group's 2011 Index ranks the U.S. fifth and does not specify Delaware. The coastal plain region, low-lying hills and river valleys of Pennsylvania were notable for their long summers and mild winters. This climate also was helpful for growing the crops. The colony became a slave society and cultivated tobacco as a cash crop, although English immigrants continued to arrive. Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States constitution. The peninsula is about 180 long, and nearly 71 miles wide. Delaware is represented in rugby by the Delaware Black Foxes, a 2015 expansion club. Delaware's geographical features are represented on the maps to the left. Delaware's minerals consist of clay, sand, gravel, and stone deposits. The construction of the Du Pont Highway (the first north-south highway to extend through the state [built 1911–23], the brainchild of T. Coleman du Pont) through rural southern Delaware brought profound changes to the agriculture of that area. Most of the free African-American families in Delaware before the Revolution had migrated from Maryland to find more affordable land. [not specific enough to verify] On July 1, 2013, same-sex marriage was legalized, and all civil unions would be converted into marriages. Deer, foxes, raccoons, opossums, and muskrats are common. The owners of large processing operations became dominant, supplying chicks and feed to farmers on a contract basis. Poultry is the state’s leading agricultural product. Unlike many states, Delaware's educational system is centralized in a state Superintendent of Education, with local school boards retaining control over taxation and some curriculum decisions. Following the Battle of Brandywine, Wilmington was occupied by the British, and State President John McKinly was taken prisoner. However, there are small, rolling hills in the northern parts of the colony. This centralized system, combined with the small size of the state, likely contributed to Delaware becoming the first state, after completion of a three-year, $30 million program ending in 1999, to wire every K-12 classroom in the state to the Internet. Salisbury's CBS affiliate, WBOC-TV, maintains bureaus in Dover and Milton. More than half of all U.S. publicly traded companies, and 63% of the Fortune 500, are incorporated in Delaware. In addition to its other responsibilities in the Air Mobility Command, it serves as the entry point and mortuary for U.S. military personnel (and some civilians) who die overseas. Slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction. Fishing is a major industry in Delaware, with crab fishing being very popular. During that same period the population of Wilmington declined, and its composition changed. , The transportation system in Delaware is under the governance and supervision of the Delaware Department of Transportation, also known as "DelDOT". The citizenry had a good relationship with the Proprietary government, and generally were allowed more independence of action in their Colonial Assembly than in other colonies. It is the first of several signed bike routes planned in Delaware. The Association of Religion Data Archives reported in 2010 that the three largest denominational groups in Delaware by number of adherents are the Catholic Church at 182,532 adherents, the United Methodist Church with 53,656 members reported, and non-denominational Evangelical Protestant with 22,973 adherents reported. The paratransit system, consisting of a statewide door-to-door bus service for the elderly and disabled, has been described by a Delaware state report as "the most generous paratransit system in the United States". The colony of New Sweden lasted 17 years. It sits in Dover, the state capital. A band of the Nanticoke tribe of American Indians today resides in Sussex County and is headquartered in Millsboro, Sussex County, Delaware. Delaware is notable for being the only slave state from which no Confederate regiments or militia groups were assembled. Three ferries operate in the state of Delaware: Amtrak has two stations in Delaware along the Northeast Corridor; the relatively quiet Newark Rail Station in Newark, and the busier Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington.  A ridge about 75 to 80 feet (23 to 24 m) high extends along the western boundary of the state and separates the watersheds that feed Delaware River and Bay to the east and the Chesapeake Bay to the west. Delaware has six different income tax brackets, ranging from 2.2% to 5.95%. This followed the 1793 establishment in Philadelphia of the African Methodist Episcopal Church by Richard Allen, which had ties to the Methodist Episcopal Church until 1816. In the early 1920s farmers in Sussex county discovered the profitability of trucking young chickens to the Philadelphia poultry market. Delaware's all-time record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded at Millsboro on July 21, 1930. Franchise taxes on Delaware corporations supply about a fifth of the state's revenue. It was a perfect climate for farming  DelDOT manages programs such as a Delaware Adopt-a-Highway program, major road route snow removal, traffic control infrastructure (signs and signals), toll road management, Delaware Division of Motor Vehicles, the Delaware Transit Corporation (branded as "DART First State", the state government public transportation organization), among others. Although the number of farms and the amount of farm acreage are in decline, agriculture remains important. Our colony grows so many crops that we are known as the Breadbasket Colony! The British remained in control of the Delaware River for much of the rest of the war, disrupting commerce and providing encouragement to an active Loyalist portion of the population, particularly in Sussex County. Spencer built a church in Wilmington for the new denomination. , Delaware's sister state in Japan is Miyagi Prefecture.. In 1981 Delaware adopted the Financial Center Development Act, which was designed to attract credit-card banking to the state. , Although attempts to abolish slavery failed by narrow margins in the legislature, in practical terms the state had mostly ended the practice. Delaware officially ratified the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments on February 12, 1901. Data from NOAA Climate at a Glance. , It has been noted that the tar and chip composition of secondary roads in Sussex County makes them more prone to deterioration than are the asphalt roadways in almost the rest of the state. They had mild climate, with warm summers and mild winters. Other general aviation airports in Delaware include Summit Airport near Middletown, Delaware Airpark near Cheswold, and Delaware Coastal Airport near Georgetown. A climate chart for your city, indicating the monthly high temperatures and rainfall. Most of the boundary between Delaware and Pennsylvania was originally defined by an arc extending 12 miles (19.3 km) from the cupola of the courthouse in the city of New Castle. Delaware was one of the 13 colonies participating in the American Revolution. Average temperatures and precipitation amounts for more than 9 cities in Delaware. There are also several state highways that cross the state of Delaware; a few of them include DE 1, DE 9, and DE 404. Higher water levels are eroding beaches, submerging low lands, exacerbating coastal flooding, and increasing the salinity of estuaries and aquifers. The surname de La Warr comes from Sussex and is of Anglo-Norman origin. Small portions of Delaware are also situated on the eastern side of the Delaware River sharing land boundaries with New Jersey. Delaware essentially freed the few slaves who were still in bondage shortly after the Civil War[further explanation needed] but rejected the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution; the 13th Amendment was rejected on February 8, 1865, the 14th Amendment was rejected on February 8, 1867, and the 15th Amendment was rejected on March 18, 1869. With the loss of their lands on the Delaware River and the destruction of the Minqua by the Iroquois of the Five Nations in the 1670s, the remnants of the Lenape who wished to remain identified as such left the region and moved over the Alleghany Mountains by the mid-18th century. Delaware's many rivers lead into the Delaware Bay, a passage to the Atlantic Ocean. Three Philadelphia-market stations—PBS member WHYY-TV, Ion affiliate WPPX, and MeTV affiliate WDPN-TV—all have Wilmington as their city of license, but maintain transmitters at the market antenna farm in Roxborough and do not produce any Delaware-centric programming.  In Delaware, there are more than a million registered corporations, meaning there are more corporations than people.  Trap Pond State Park, along with areas in other parts of Sussex County, for example, support the northernmost stands of bald cypress trees in North America. The weather in the colony of Delaware was … Soybeans are an important crop; other major agricultural products include corn (maize), milk, and vegetables. The US average is 38 inches of rain per year. Despite its small size (roughly 100 miles (160 km) from its northernmost to southernmost points), there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of snowfall between Sussex County and New Castle County. During summer months, temperatures average 74.3 F. The Delaware Colony's landscape includes Atlantic coastal plains and flat lowland. It is located within commuting distance of both Philadelphia and Baltimore. DIS, also known as the Monster Mile, is one of only 10 tracks in the nation to have hosted 100 or more NASCAR Cup Series races. Many colonial settlers came to Delaware from Maryland and Virginia, where the population had been increasing rapidly. du Pont de Nemours & Co. and Dow Chemical Company into DowDuPont took place on September 1, 2017..  In 2011 Delaware passed legislation placing a 15 business day time limit on addressing freedom-of-information requests, to either produce information or an explanation of why such information would take longer than this time to produce.  Delaware has several museums, wildlife refuges, parks, houses, lighthouses, and other historic places. According to the 2010 United States Census, Delaware had a population of 897,934. Delaware's swing to the Democrats is in part due to a strong Democratic trend in New Castle County, home to 55 percent of Delaware's population (the two smaller counties have only 359,000 people between them to New Castle County's 535,000). Temperatures in southern Delaware usually run about two degrees higher than these figures. The colony was especially agricultural because of its fertile soil and agreeable climate, which allowed the early settlers to grow great bounty from the earth. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington and the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware oversee the parishes within their denominations. When John Dickinson freed his slaves in 1777, he was Delaware's largest slave owner with 37 slaves. 6 likely to sell for $1 million", "State of Delaware Department of Transportation", "Projects: Delaware Bicycle Facility Master Plan", "Anything Once: On the road, taking plenty of pot shots", "The Delaware Constitution of 1897 as amended", "Delaware House of Representatives Minority Caucus", "An Act to Amend Title 29 of the Delaware Code Relating to the Freedom of Information Act", "Division of Revenue—Department of Finance—State of Delaware", "Delaware crime: Wave of brazen attacks sounds alarm at casino", "Delaware becomes the first state to legalise sports betting", "Delaware schools: Checkered past goes unchecked", "Mourning Those Lost in the Recent Earthquake and Related Disasters that have Befallen Japan, and Expressing the Thoughts and Prayers of All Delawareans for the Citizens of Our Sister State of Miyagi Prefecture During These Difficult Times", "First State National Historical Park-Frequently Asked Questions", "The Contribution of The Coastal Economy to the State of Delaware", "An Act to Amend Title 29 of the Delaware Code Relating to the Designation of a State Sport", USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Delaware, 2000 Census of Population and Housing for Delaware, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Delaware&oldid=996494783#Climate, States and territories established in 1787, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2019, Articles with disputed statements from March 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from March 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2012, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, government (State of Delaware, New Castle County), farming, specifically chicken farming in Sussex County (, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 23:12.  Massachusetts and New Hampshire also shared a governor for some time.. As of 2014[update], Delaware is mostly Christian. Penn and his heirs remained proprietors of both and always appointed the same person Governor for their Province of Pennsylvania and their territory of the Lower Counties. African Americans now constitute almost two-thirds of the city’s population. Delaware occupies the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula and some islands and territory within the Delaware River. Rehoboth Beach often bills itself as "The Nation's Summer Capital" because it is a frequent summer vacation destination for Washington, D.C., residents as well as visitors from Maryland, Virginia, and in lesser numbers, Pennsylvania. , Delaware is subdivided into three counties; from north to south they are New Castle, Kent and Sussex. Interrupting the farm and woodlands of this flat, relatively low-density area are the city of Dover, together with its suburbs and a U.S. Air Force base, the seashore communities of Rehoboth Beach and Bethany Beach—which attract many retirees—and towns such as Milford, Georgetown, Laurel, Selbyville, and Millsboro. The religious body with the largest number of congregations is the United Methodist Church (with 158 congregations) followed by non-denominational Evangelical Protestant (with 106 congregations), then the Catholic Church (with 45 congregations). More recently, population growth in the more-rural counties of Kent and Sussex has expanded, as new industrial plants and resort communities have been built there and as poultry farming has grown. This is the fewest among all states. Delaware’s prosperity depends in large part on its favourable location: 4 of the 10 largest cities in the United States lie within 150 miles (240 km) of Delaware. 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